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Tree Handbook

Live Oak

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Montezuma Baldcypress
Texas Sabal Palm
Black Willow
Coyote Willow
Live Oak
Granjeno
Sugar Hackberry
Cedar Elm
Texas Ebony
Tenaza
Texas Huisache
Wright's Catclaw
Guajillo
Tepeguaje
Honey Mesquite
Retama
Texas Paloverde
Mescal Bean
Guayacan
Jopoy
Colima
Western Soapberry
Brasil
Coma Del Sur
Chapote
Rio Grande Ash
Anacahuita
Anacua

LIVE OAK Encino,
Quercus virginiana - Fagaceae, Beech Family


DESCRIPTION: Large, stout-trunked tree with spreading canopy and massive, low limbs.
  • Height: 30-60 feet.

  • Flowers: 2 to 3-inch-long yellow spikes.

  • Fruit: Edible acorns.

  • Foliage: Evergreen, thick dark-green leaves.

  • Bark: Dark-brown, deeply furrowed.

  • Growth rate: Medium to fast.


REQUIREMENTS:
  • Sun: Full.

  • Soil: Usually sandy soil; can be in heavy clay.

  • Drainage: Medium; tolerates some salt.

  • Water: Medium.

  • Maintenance: Medium.

  • Propagation: Fresh acorns.


NATIVE HABITAT: 

Native to sand plains in northern Lower Rio Grande Valley.


WILDLIFE USE:

 Acorns offer food for deer, javalina, turkey; livestock browse leaves; cover; nest sites; ocelots known to use live oak groves.


COMMENTS: 

Wood is heavy and hard. Very sturdy long-lived shade tree where deep shade is desired.

 

 

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