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Tree Handbook

Texas Sabal Palm

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Montezuma Baldcypress
Texas Sabal Palm
Black Willow
Coyote Willow
Live Oak
Granjeno
Sugar Hackberry
Cedar Elm
Texas Ebony
Tenaza
Texas Huisache
Wright's Catclaw
Guajillo
Tepeguaje
Honey Mesquite
Retama
Texas Paloverde
Mescal Bean
Guayacan
Jopoy
Colima
Western Soapberry
Brasil
Coma Del Sur
Chapote
Rio Grande Ash
Anacahuita
Anacua

TEXAS SABAL PALM
Sabal  texana Arecaceae, Palm Family


DESCRIPTION: Tall, straight trunk; fronds clustered near top in large, dense, rounded crown.
  • Height: 20-50 feet.

  • Flowers: Numerous, fragrant; white on 7 to 8-foot-long drooping stalks; March-April.

  • Fruit: One-seeded, dull-black berry. Dry, edible pulp.

  • Foliage: Fan-shaped fronds. Spineless leaf stalks.

  • Bark: Frond scars; frond bases cling in younger trees.

  • Growth rate: Slow.


REQUIREMENTS:
  • Sun: Will germinate in shade; needs full sun for fastest growth.

  • Soil: Any.

  • Drainage: Tolerates poor drainage.

  • Water. Drought tolerant.

  • Maintenance: Little needed.

  • Propagation: Seed.


NATIVE HABITAT: 

Rio Grande flood plains and resaca banks in Cameron and Hidalgo Counties. Of the original 40,000 acres of Sabal Palm Forest only two groves (less than 100 acres) survive. See at Audubon Sabal Palm Grove Sanctuary, southeast of Brownsville.


WILDLIFE USE: 

Cover, nest sites, food; coyotes disperse seeds long distances by carrying them internally after eating fruit.


COMMENTS: 

Uses include fronds for thatching and trunks for pilings. Freeze hardy; thornless; long-lived; slow growing, but worth the wait; allow plenty of space, 10 to 15 feet, for this palm in your landscape.

 
 

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