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Tree Handbook

Honey Mesquite

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Montezuma Baldcypress
Texas Sabal Palm
Black Willow
Coyote Willow
Live Oak
Granjeno
Sugar Hackberry
Cedar Elm
Texas Ebony
Tenaza
Texas Huisache
Wright's Catclaw
Guajillo
Tepeguaje
Honey Mesquite
Retama
Texas Paloverde
Mescal Bean
Guayacan
Jopoy
Colima
Western Soapberry
Brasil
Coma Del Sur
Chapote
Rio Grande Ash
Anacahuita
Anacua

HONEY MESQUITE
Prosopis glandulosa - Mimosaceae, Mimosa Family


DESCRIPTION: 

  • Medium to small tree with rounded crown and crooked, drooping branches; feathery foliage; straight paired spines on twigs.

  • Height. 20-30 feet, up to 50 feet.

  • Flowers: Pale yellow elongated spikes; March to November.

  • Fruit. 4 to 9-inch-long, narrow and

  • straight, yellowish pods.

  • Foliage. Deciduous, delicate, airy foliage.

  • Bark: Grayish with deep furrows and thick ridges, varying considerably
    with age. Growth rate Medium.


REQUIREMENTS:

  • Sun: Full sun.

  • Soil.- Any.

  • Drainage: Well-drained.

  • Water. Low; drought tolerant.

  • Maintenance. Little; pods and leaflets createground litter.

  • Propagation: Seed, root cutting.


NATIVE HABITAT: 

Brush-grasslands.


WILDLIFE USE: 

Pods consumed (seeds pass through undigested), by coyotes, skunks, wood rats, ground squirrels, jackrabbits, cottontails, javalina, white-tailed deer, live-stock, humans; birds (quafl and doves) use seeds; shelter, cover, and shade; nest sites; bees collect nectar for honey.


COMMENTS: Used as fence posts, furniture, building beams, fuel, charcoal. Good ornamental tree in the landscaped lawn because of the interesting asymmetrical spreading form; the elegant individualized free-form shape is best utilized in large open areas.

 

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