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Tree Handbook

Granjeno

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Granjeno
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Anacua

GRANJENO Spiny Hackberry
Celtis llida - Ulmaceae, Elm Family


DESCRIPTION: Small tree to large shrub with zigzag branches and paired spines on trunk and twigs.
  • Height: 10-20 feet.

  • Flowers: White, small and inconspicuous.

  • Fruit: Edible orange berries. 

  • Foliage: Almost evergreen.

  • Bark: Mottled light gray to reddish brown; smooth; paired spines.

  • Growth rate: Medium.


REQUIREMENTS:
  • Sun: Shade to full sun.

  • Soil: Many. Not tolerant to salt.

  • Drainage: Medium to good.

  • Water: Low.

  • Maintenance: Low.

  • Propagation: Seed.


NATIVE HABITAT: 

Occurs in nearly every dry habitat.


WILDLIFE USE:

Invaluable to wildlife; fruit for birds, raccoons, deer, and jackrabbits; leaves and branches browsed by wildlife and livestock; a variety of butterfly caterpillars feed on leaves; good honey plant; cover, nest sites.


COMMENTS: 

Can be trimmed into an attractive shrub or multi-trunked tree; encourage birds and other wildlife into your yard by planting this bright-berried tree, or discourage human intruders by trimming it into a spiny security hedge.

 

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Content by the Native Plant Project - P.O. Box 2742 - San Juan, TX  78589
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 This site designed and maintained by Bert Wessling. Comments Welcomed.