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Tree Handbook

Texas Ebony

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Montezuma Baldcypress
Texas Sabal Palm
Black Willow
Coyote Willow
Live Oak
Granjeno
Sugar Hackberry
Cedar Elm
Texas Ebony
Tenaza
Texas Huisache
Wright's Catclaw
Guajillo
Tepeguaje
Honey Mesquite
Retama
Texas Paloverde
Mescal Bean
Guayacan
Jopoy
Colima
Western Soapberry
Brasil
Coma Del Sur
Chapote
Rio Grande Ash
Anacahuita
Anacua

TEXAS EBONY Ebano
Pithecellobium ebano - Mimosaceae, Mimosa Family


DESCRIPTION:

Large tree or stunted shrub-, dense, dark crown, zigzag twigs with paired spines.

  • Height: 15-30 feet, up to 40 feet.

  • Flowers: Creamy-yellow, fragrant, elongated spikes, after rainfall.

  • Fruit: Thick, woody pods.

  • Foliage: Evergreen; dense, dark green.

  • Bark: Dark brown to black.

  • Growth rate: Slow.

REQUIREMENTS:
  • Sun: Partial shade to full sun; germinates in full shade.

  • Soil: Any.

  • Drainage: Prefers well drained.

  • Water: Low, drought tolerant.

  • Maintenance: Medium; abundant seed pods cause considerable ground litter.

  • Propagation: Scarified seed.


NATIVE HABITAT: 

River floodplain and brush-grasslands.

WILDLIFE USE:

Most valuable for wildlife, cover, nest sites; rodents collect and store seeds, deer browse leaves, bees use flowers, seeds eaten by deer, javalinas, wood rats, small mammals.


COMMENTS:

Deep, rich brown heartwood used to make art objects and small furniture; red seeds used in jewelry; fence posts, fuel; green seeds cooked and eaten; ripe seeds roasted or popped; shells used as coffee substitute. Highly prized as a deep-shade tree and ornamental; gorgeous because of the vibrant dense green foliage and attractive seed pods; may be trimmed to a beautiful security hedge.

 

 

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