TEXAS EBONY Ebano
Pithecellobium ebano - Mimosaceae, Mimosa Family
Large tree or stunted shrub-, dense,
dark crown, zigzag twigs with paired spines.
Height: 15-30 feet, up to 40
Flowers: Creamy-yellow, fragrant,
elongated spikes, after rainfall.
Fruit: Thick, woody pods.
Foliage: Evergreen; dense, dark
Bark: Dark brown to black.
Growth rate: Slow.
Sun: Partial shade to full sun;
germinates in full shade.
Drainage: Prefers well drained.
Water: Low, drought tolerant.
Maintenance: Medium; abundant
seed pods cause considerable ground litter.
Propagation: Scarified seed.
River floodplain and
Most valuable for wildlife, cover,
nest sites; rodents collect and store seeds, deer browse leaves, bees use
flowers, seeds eaten by deer, javalinas, wood rats, small mammals.
Deep, rich brown heartwood used to
make art objects and small furniture; red seeds used in jewelry; fence posts,
fuel; green seeds cooked and eaten; ripe seeds roasted or popped; shells used as
coffee substitute. Highly prized as a deep-shade tree and ornamental; gorgeous
because of the vibrant dense green foliage and attractive seed pods; may be
trimmed to a beautiful security hedge.