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Tree Handbook

Montezuma Baldcypress

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Montezuma Baldcypress
Texas Sabal Palm
Black Willow
Coyote Willow
Live Oak
Granjeno
Sugar Hackberry
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Texas Ebony
Tenaza
Texas Huisache
Wright's Catclaw
Guajillo
Tepeguaje
Honey Mesquite
Retama
Texas Paloverde
Mescal Bean
Guayacan
Jopoy
Colima
Western Soapberry
Brasil
Coma Del Sur
Chapote
Rio Grande Ash
Anacahuita
Anacua

MONTEZUMA BALDCYPRESS Ahuehuete, Sabino
Taxodium mucronatum - Taxodiaceae, Baldcypress Family

 

DESCRIPTION: Robust tree with a straight trunk, enlarged near base.

 

  • Height: 45 feet.

  • Flowers: Male flowers in clusters; female with fewer, which produce cones;February.

  • Fruit: Round, 1-inch cones.

  • Foliage: Nearly evergreen, 1/4, to 1/2-inch-long needles.

  • Bark: Brownish-red, smooth to shallowly furrowed, fibrous, shredded.

  • Growth rate: Fast when young, slows down with age.

 

REQUIREMENTS:
  • Sun: Partial shade to full sun.

  • Soil: Wet. Tolerant to some salinity.

  • Drainage: Tolerant to poor drainage.

  • Water.- High requirement; will grow in moist landscapes.

  • Maintenance: Little needed.

  • Propagation: Seed with resin removed; difficult to germinate.

 

NATIVE HABITAT:

Rare. A large tree grows south of Abram in Rio Grande floodplain. A few trees are located near Santa Margarita and Salineno in Starr County on Rio Grande bank, and more numerous in scattered locations downriver to Brownsville.

 

WILDLIFE USE: 

Cover, nest sites; cones eaten by rodents.

 

COMMENTS: 

Resin and pitch used as cure for ailments, wound dressings. Long-lived, this majestic tree with its delicate beauty is an unusual and interesting accent tree; foliage adds softening effect to a landscape; do not plant near irrigation pipes.

 

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